• Hidden child.
  • Born in Lvov, Poland.
  • 1941 the Germans occupied and they had to go with arm bands.
  • There  deportation began first with the children. In their home there were 2 bathrooms so her parents hid her in one and put a cupboard in front. When the German came they told them that she was taken.
  • They were in the Ghetto, hiding in a hole under the floor.
  • Father worked outside.
  • Her father smuggled her out of the ghetto under his overcoat and placed her with Joanna Szcygiel Zalucka's family because he expected to be slaughtered.
  • Ruth spent most of her eight months at Zalucka's home just sitting in a chair, afraid to even look out the window from Joanna's bedroom. Joanna, then 18, was in charge of keeping an eye on the girl.
    When visitors came, the 8-year-old would hide under Joanna's bed or duck into a trunk. Ruth spent so much time silent and immobilized that she had to relearn how to walk and speak normally.
  • After eight months, Ruth was brought to the home of another Christian family that hid her parents for another two years in Oyack.
  • Liberated by the Russians in July,1944.
  • In 1953, Ruth and her parents moved to Brooklyn. Ruth and Joanna did not see each other again until Wednesday, November 23rd, 2005.
  • Thanks to the Manhattan-based Jewish Foundation for the Righteous Gentiles, Gruener and Zalucka were reunited.

 

Lvov

http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/article.php?ModuleId=10005171

http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/media_cm.php?lang=en&ModuleId=10005171&MediaId=1581

http://www1.yadvashem.org/about_holocaust/chronology/1939-1941/1941/chronology_1941_18.html

 

Encyclopedia Entries, International School for Holocaust Studies - Lvov

6.

Microsoft Word - Microsoft Word - 6457.DOC

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lw%C3%B3w_Ghetto

 

Ghetto

http://www1.yadvashem.org.il/search/index_search.html

 

Microsoft Word - 280.DOC

 

 

http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/index.php?ModuleId=10005265

 

Hidden Children

http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/article.php?lang=en&ModuleId=10006125

 

Righteous Gentiles

http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Holocaust/righteous.html

http://www1.yadvashem.org/righteous_new/pdf/righteous_rescue.pdf

http://www1.yadvashem.org/righteous_new/pdf/paldiel.pdf

http://www1.yadvashem.org/righteous_new/pdf/krakowski_poland.pdf

http://www1.yadvashem.org/righteous_new/pdf/fogelman_The_Rescuer_Self.pdf

 

Russian Army Liberating Camps

http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/index.php?ModuleId=10007051&Type=normal+article